Agriculture is the bedrock of their economy for many of our FII countries, contributing heavily to GDP and employing sizable populations of people. Agricultural workers tend to be poorer, less financially included, and older than workers in other sectors as well as the population as a whole. The number of adults who say their primary job is as a farmer, farm worker, or farm owner ranges from one in five in Nigeria (21%) to more than one in three adults in Tanzania (38%).

In every FII country, farmers are more likely than the overall population to fall below the poverty line and fare worse than adults with jobs other than farming. Those working in agriculture are less likely to be financially included compared with those who hold jobs in other sectors. In all but two countries (India and Kenya), farmers lag all adults in financial inclusion. Agricultural workers in each of the FII countries are older, on average, than all adults and those with jobs outside of farming.

Farmers By Country

Employed Adults
In Kenya and Uganda, the percentage of farmers who are women is roughly equal to that of men (51% in Kenya and 53% in Uganda.)

Agriculture, Financial Inclusion and Poverty

Financially Included
Below the Poverty Level
38% of Tanzanians are farmers, while just 21% of Nigerians are.

Agriculture, Age and Gender

Age 35 and Older

Which FII country has the biggest gap between those aged 35 and over in the overall population and farmers aged 35 and over?

Kenya (25%)

What percentage of Nigerians farmers are male?

A. 50%
B. 66%
C. 94%
B. 66%

In Uganda, what is the percentage difference between those who are financially included and have jobs outside of farming and those financially included who are farmers?

A. 26%
B. 13%
C. 6%
A. 26% (there is a 26-point inclusion gap, with 67% of those outside of farming financially included, but only 41% of farmers)

What percentage of Indian farmers fall below the poverty line?

A. 72%
B. 89%
C. 61%
D. 66%
C. 61%

Which FII country has the lowest percentage of male among farmers?

Kenya (47%)

Which FII country has the lowest number of farmers who are financially included?

Pakistan (20%)